In Latin America, Mexico is the biggest producer of tilapia, while Brazil uses the greatest variety of production systems. In Mexico and Cuba, stocking and harvesting from reservoirs is the major source of tilapia. In both countries, the industry is shifting to cage culture in these same reservoirs. Costa Rica, Colombia, and Jamaica have developed intensive pond culture systems with a mix of high flow rates and paddlewheel aerators. Honduras is increasing production rapidly with a mix of cage culture, intensive ponds, and integration with shrimp farming.
Brazil will probably become the biggest tilapia producer in South America within 20 years. Already Brazil utilizes virtually all of the production systems available. It has tremendous warm water resources, a large domestic market, and proximity to US and European markets.
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